Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 6 th Asia Pacific Geriatrics and Gerontology Congress Brisbane, Australia.

Day 1 :

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Session Introduction

Bipula Gaire

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Nepal

Title: Attitude of Youth towards the Elderly People in the Selected Community.

Bipula Gaire has completed her Bsc. Nursing from Tribhuvan University,Master in Food and nutritio from Trihuvan University and Master in Nursing (Community health nursing ) at the age of 28  from Patan academy of health Sciences.She had worked as hematology, oncology and bone marrow transplant nurse for 4 years in Civil service hospital Nepal. She is currently working as a researcher in the National Integrted and Research Development(NIRD).She has presented paper in Ageing Nepal monthly discussion Forum and is engagged in various research related to nursing.She has received ARF (Ageing Research Fellowship) and NHRC (National Health Research Council) grant for her thesis.


Global ageing is the success story of the 21st century as a result of declining fertility, mortality and improved public health interventions. With the increased elderly population, the attitude of societies about ageing changes. Positive attitudes towards the elderly people are valued, respected and experienced but most of the literature shows negative perceptions towards elderly people among the youth, especially in the form of stereotypical behaviours and ageism which can result in social exclusion, isolation and ultimately the abuse of elderly people and disempowerment of elderly . Cross sectional research design was used to assess the attitude of youth towards the elderly people in the selected community from August 12 to September 7, 2018. Total of 380 youth were interviewed by using modified Kogan’s Old People Scale and structured questions. Systematic random sampling technique was used for data collection.

 More than half of the youth 66.1% had positive attitude level towards the elderly. With regards to the attitude towards the care of elderly almost of all of the youth (97.9%) had positive attitude towards the care of the elderly. There was significant association between gender and attitude towards elderly (p=0.04) and occupation and attitude towards the care of the elderly (p=0.02) at 95% of significance level.

Although more than half of the youth have positive attitude toward the elderly people still there is need to provide awareness program to increase the positive attitude.It helps the health professional in elucidating the negative attitudes and enhancing the positive attitude which aids in improving overall quality and health of the elderly people.


O. P. Sharma, General Secretary – Geriatric Society of India


The life expactancy at birth of 34 years in 1947 has gone up to 69 years in 2018 & the absolute numbers is 140 millions. Geriatrics recognized by Medical Council of India recently & out of 460 medical colleges only 5 have PG courses in Geriatrics. The infrastructure on health is poor & in geriatric care negligible. Indian commitments in Viena Convention 1983 & Madrid Convention 2002 are to be fulfilled.

The fast spreading knowledge beleif that most of the ailments even in advanced age may be addressed to a great satisfaction. The economic developments & health awareness are going hand in hand. Besides government centres on ageing & development of geriatric clinics/wards in medical colleges, corporate sectors are coming up in health care delivery system.

The superannuated employees from organized sectors, supported by employers & insurance are seeking quality care in elderly segments. There is urgent need for development of geriatric care in the health infrastructure both at the levels of home care as well as institutional care. The geriatricians, caregivers, pharma products, nutrition, gadgets & aids for elderly are in great demand but have to be modified to suit Indian requirements.



Title: Elderly Food And Nutrition

Dr.Gaurav popli is a dental graduate from bharti viyapeeth dental college and hospital. He is managing his own practice at delhi,India.


Ageing (and related diseases) may be described as a process which results from impaired immunological, genetic, neurological or endocrinological functions. Oxidative mechanisms may play an important role in the ageing process. It is important, therefore, to emphasize the relationship between health and nutrition in the elderly  According to WHO,nutrition is the intake of food considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs.It is especially important to give attention to it,in the elderly as the nutritional needs of the body alters because of physiological,medical,social,psychological changes in the old age which makes food and nutrition and it's intake and acceptance in elderly as challenge.There has to be a constant monitoring of the requirment of the type of nutrients on the need of the body and lifestyle with the progressing age.More attention has to given  socializing meeting people,eating in restaurants in weekends,regular medical check ups of heart,kidney,bones.Because of food insecurity status, older people consumed less than the recommended dietary allowance for eight nutrients. Food-insecure elderly persons had significantly lower intakes of energy, protein, carbohydrate, saturated fat, niacin, riboflavin, vitamins B-6 and B-12, magnesium, iron and zinc, as well as lower skinfold thickness. In addition, food-insecure elderly persons were 2.33 times more likely to report fair/poor health status and had higher nutritional risk. These results indicate that food-insecure elderly persons have poorer dietary intake, nutritional status and health status than do food-secure elderly persons. It is necessary to ensure the nutritional well-being of all elderly persons who are at nutritional and health risk, including those who are food insecure and have even poorer nutritional and health status than those who are food secure.In old age even a  rich to rich of a diet filled with healthy nutrient and tasty diet will not be accepted or relished by a human body because of alteration in body systems.Diet and nutrition play important roles in maintaining health and preventing disease . This is especially important for elderly adults, for whom proper nutrition plays a crucial role in helping them maintain good health and functioning. Many older adults are at increased risk of inadequate nutritional intakes due to lower intakes of energy and other nutrients. Other risk factors for poor nutrition include disease, physical limitations and chewing difficulties, polypharmacy, living alone, lack of transportation and limited income. Although many seniors use dietary supplements, the supplement users often already have adequate dietary intakes.


Qian Xing Xing has obtained BSc degree from School of Nursing, Peking Union Medical College with a first class honours. She is currently studying a Mphil program at School of Nursing, The University of  Hong Kong. Her research interests is gerontology, especially fall prevention among older population. Meanwhile, she has learnt the Advanced Statistical Methods course and now is learning Python.


Fall has become public health priority worldwidely since increasing aging population. However, it remained uncertain whether same epidemiology existed in single and recurrent fall. Present study compared demographic characteristics of single and recurrent fallers among Chinese frail community-dwelling older population, examined their time trend and seasonality. A total of 89,100 Chinese community-dwelling seniors aged 65 or above first applying for long-term care services from 2005 to 2014 in Hong Kong were included. Chi-squre test was used to compare demographic characteristics between single and recurrent fallers. Logistic regression models were used to examine time trend and seasonality in single and recurrent fall, controlling for gender and age. About 21% of seniors fell once within past 90 days, and 11% fell recurrently. The oldest-old (aged 85 or above) and women were associated with higher single fall risk, but lower recurrent fall risk. For single fall within past 90 days, the risk reduced by 1.5% (95% CI 0.9%-2.1%) annually and was the highest during November to the next February with an OR of 1.29 (95% CI 1.19-1.41). For recurrent fall within past 90 days, the risk decreased 3.8% (95% CI 3.0%-4.5%) annually and was the highest during November to the next February (OR=1.46, 95% CI 1.31-1.64). More emphasis on recurrent fall interventions should be targetted at the seniors aged 65 to 84 and males. Meanwhile, fall-related health education and reminders  are required in fall season to prevent both single and recurrent fall.