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6 th Asia Pacific Geriatrics and Gerontology Congress, will be organized around the theme “New Insights in Improving Quality Health and Clinical Care for Older Adults ”

Asian Geriatrics 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Asian Geriatrics 2019

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Gerontology is a multi-disciplinary area which focuses on the study of ageing mechanism and the health complications/problems associated with ageing. More elaborately it can be understood the biochemical changes occurring in the body from middle age and later life.
Aging can be defined as the time-related deterioration of the physiological functions necessary for survival and fertility. Aging is both inevitable and universal but the mysteries that control human life span are yet to be discovered. But it is believed that the aging might be due to Telomere Shortening,   DNA Damage resulting in decline in cellular regenerative capacity of all tissues and organs. Accumulations of senescent cells were found in vivo in mammals with increasing age, and at sites of age-related pathology. And hence cellular senescence may be considered as the cellular model of organismal aging. Aged individuals encounters several neurological and cardio vascular diseases along with many endocrine disorders. Recent studies depicted that stem cell therapy is the best alternative to cure many age related disorders and extensive research has been focused in this area.
Geriatrics is the branch of Medicine which studies the aged adults health, prevention and treatment of disability and disease in old age. And a geriatrician is a physician who specializes in geriatrics. Geriatricians distinguish between diseases and the effects of normal aging. Geriatricians, however, often provide care for older adults with complicated medical and social problems.
As you get older, good nutrition plays an increasingly important role in how well you age. As you age, you might need less energy. But you still need just as many of the nutrients in food.  Nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water. Studies show that a good diet in your later years reduces your risk of osteoporosis, high blood pressure, heart diseases and certain cancers. Eating a low-salt, low-fat diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and fibre can help reduce your age-related risks of heart disease, diabetes, stroke, osteoporosis, and other chronic diseases.  Balance your food intake with physical activity: the more active you are, the more food you need. Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy.
It has been postulated that in the process of aging multiple cellular and molecular events malfunction, ultimately leading to various chronic ailments and diseases, including Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, other neurodegenerative disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular disease. Depression among seniors is a serious concern that can lead to premature death.
Levels of most hormones decrease with aging, but some hormones remain at levels typical of those in younger adults, and some even increase. Even when hormone levels do not decline, endocrine function generally declines with age because hormone receptors become less sensitive. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood's fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels.
Neurodegenerative disorders is characterised with the progressive loss of nerve cells and synapses leading to the degeneration of the nerve cells. This leads to several complications in the functioning of the nerve cells resulting in several disorders. This is most commonly seen in the aged people. Dementia can be defined as a brain or neuro disorder that is associated with the decline in memory or other thinking skills. The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and front temporal dementia. More than one type of dementia may exist in the same person. There is no cure for dementia. It is more common with the age.
Rheumatology is a branch of medicine that deals with diagnosis, treatment and medical management of patients with rheumatic diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system. Geriatric rheumatology is the branch of medicine that studies rheumatologic disorders in elderly. International Society of Geriatric Rheumatology was established to help advancing research in the area of geriatric rheumatology and improve the quality of management of rheumatologic disorders in elderly.  Arthritis is an important contributing factor for physical disabilities in older people and ∼60% of elderly people may be affected by arthritis. Arthritis usually affects joints with symptoms including joint pain and stiffness and the severity worsen with age. Rheumatology has rapidly advanced during the last 50 years due to improved diagnosis as a result of progress in immunology, molecular biology, genetics and imaging.
Age related changes contribute to incidence of infection in elderly patients.  Reduction in host defence manifested in the increase in both serious infection and cancer. Understanding of the physiologic and pharmacologic changes that occur with aging, integrated use of clinical emergency department pharmacists, and choosing non pharmacologic treatment options when possible is very much necessary.
Geriatric palliative care is an interdisciplinary medical specialty that focuses on preventing and relieving suffering and improves quality of life for elderly patients and their families. Training in effective pain and symptom management makes this specialty an important counterpart to treating chronically ill older adults. Studies have shown that an older adults sensitivity to pain increased per decade of life and pain is experienced in as much as 80% of older adults suffering from common co-morbid conditions.

 

Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, particularly in the elderly. It is a significant and often asymptomatic chronic disease, which requires optimal control and persistent adherence to prescribed medication to reduce the risks of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal diseases. Cardiovascular Disease or Heart disease is the most frequent condition in older adults and the main cause of death. Heart failure, coronary artery disease, and atrial fibrillation are common reasons for health visits and hospital stays. Normal aging causes your heart and blood vessels to stiffen, which can lead to these conditions in later years. For people older than 75, high blood pressure is the most common heart condition. Coronary artery disease and heart failure are next.
Geriatric rehabilitation or geriatric physical therapy is the branch of medicine that studies rehabilitation and physical therapy issues in elderly. Geriatric rehabilitation specialists understand the unique needs of older adults. Geriatric rehabilitation programs help families understand the best approach to caring for their loved ones and we empower older patients to live as independently as possible. A geriatric rehabilitation program offers Services such as Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology, and Rehabilitation Psychology.

 

Geriatric nursing generally refers to nursing pertaining to care of older adults. Geriatric nurses work in organizations such as acute care hospitals, rehabilitation centres, nursing homes and retirement homes. It provides information about the key factors that affect the health of older adults as they are more likely to have one or more chronic health conditions. Older patients require more health care services than younger ones. It is important that all the nurses need to have specialized knowledge about older adults.
Over-65s can be both good and bad for the economy. Old age can have certain benefits, both for businesses and for governments alike. However being old does clearly involves costs to any country’s economy. An ageing population puts certain strains on state-run services such as care services and health care.